The primary hypothesis of this study is that Heart Failure Telephone Intervention (HearT-I) will decrease hospitalizations and clinic visits in the veteran population with heart failure.
Randomized Trial of a Telephone Intervention in Heart Failure Patients
– Heart Failure, Congestive- Cardiomyopathy
Treatment, Randomized, Open Label, Active Control, Parallel Assignment, Efficacy Study
In addition to medical treatment for heart failure (HF), a variety of non-pharmacological interventions have been demonstrated to benefit these patients. Some of these include systems for weight monitoring and medication reminders, exercise programs, and individually tailored evaluation and treatment plans with dieticians, social workers, psychologists, and nurse case managers. While many of these approaches have been shown to increase adherence to medication guidelines and result in decreased health care utilization, most rely heavily on a large team of specialized health care providers. It remains unknown whether or not an intervention with a lower intensity of specialized care using sophisticated automated computer tracking and Interactive Voice Response (IVR) techniques can impact the care of HF patients. The HearT-I intervention consists of three components: 1) computer-initiated medication refill and clinic appointment reminders; 2) IVR access to educational modules; and 3) weekly computer-initiated phone calls with a series of questions regarding weight and symptoms. Four hundred eighty-eight HF patients (NYHA class II-IV) will be randomized to HearT-I intervention vs. usual care. Upon enrollment, all patients will complete questionnaires assessing HF knowledge, behavior, self-efficacy, and perceptions of HF health care, and HF related Quality of Life (Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire, KCCQ). Both groups also will receive a digital scale, educational materials, view an educational video about HF and perform a six-minute walk test. We will test the hypothesis that the HearT-I intervention will decrease health care utilization as measured by hospitalizations and unscheduled outpatient visits for HF over one year. Secondary endpoints include KCCQ score, patient satisfaction, adherence to medications, and general knowledge of heart failure and its management.
Eligibility & Criteria
Genders Eligible for Study: Both Criteria Inclusion Criteria:Heart failure NYMA class 2-4, HX of heart failure hospitalization, No COPD, Kansas City Cardiac Questionnaire (Quality of Life)=31-80, 6 minute walk test less than 450
Contact Details Louis Stokes VA Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, (US)
All content and media on the HealthEngine Blog is created and published online for informational purposes only. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice and should not be relied on as health or personal advice. Always seek the guidance of your doctor or other qualified health professional with any questions you may have regarding your health or a medical condition. Never disregard the advice of a medical professional, or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this Website. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor, go to the nearest hospital emergency department, or call the emergency services immediately.