This is a 24-week randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, multi-center, placebo-controlled study of tesaglitazar (0.5 and 1 mg) in patients with type 2 diabetes, not adequately controlled on diet and lifestyle advice alone during the run-in period. The study comprises a 6-week single-blind placebo run-in period, followed by 24-week treatment period and a 3-week follow-up period.

The study design of GALLANT 2 is identical to GALLANT 22; the blinded study data from GALLANT 2 will be transferred to the GALLANT 22 database and will be analyzed together with the data from GALLANT 22 clinical study.

Official Title

A 24-Week Randomized, Double-Blind, Parallel-Group, Multi-Centre, Placebo-Controlled Study to Evaluate the Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of Tesaglitazar Therapy When Administered as Monotherapy to Drug-Naive Patients With Type 2 Diabetes


Type 2 Diabetes

Study Type


Study Design

Treatment, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo Control, Parallel Assignment, Efficacy Study

Further Details

Primary Outcome Measures:

  • Absolute change from baseline to end of randomized treatment period in glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c)

Secondary Outcome Measures:

  • Changes in the following variables from baseline to the end of the randomized treatment period: Lipid parameters (triglyceride [TG], total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol [HDL C], non-HDL C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol [LDL C], apolipoproteins [Apo] A-I, Apo B, Apo CIII, free fatty acids, lipoprotein particle size and c
  • C-reactive protein, LDL C/HDL C ratio and Apo B/Apo A-I ratio
  • Fasting plasma glucose (FPG), homeostasis assessment model, insulin, proinsulin, C-peptide
  • Tumor necrosis factor-alpha, intracellular adhesion molecule-1
  • Fibrinogen
  • Proportion of patients with microalbuminuria
  • Waist/hip ratio
  • Responder analyses for HbA1c, FPG, TG, HDL C, non HDL C and LDL C according to pre-specified values
  • Proportion of patients reaching pre-specified target levels for HbA1c, FPG, TG, HDL C, non-HDL C and LDL C
  • Pharmacokinetics of tesaglitazar
  • Safety and tolerability of tesaglitazar by assessment of adverse events, laboratory values, electrocardiogram, pulse, blood pressure, hypoglycemic events, body weight, cardiac evaluation, and physical examination
  • Patient-reported outcomes: Well-Being Questionnaire (W BQ12)

Study Start

April 2005

Eligibility & Criteria

  • Ages Eligible for Study: 18 Years and above
  • Genders Eligible for Study: Both

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Provision of a written informed consent
  • Men or women who are >=18 years of age
  • Female patients: postmenopausal, hysterectomized, or if of childbearing potential, using a reliable method of birth control
  • Diagnosed with type 2 diabetes
  • Treated with diet alone or treatment with a single oral antidiabetic agent or low doses of two oral antidiabetic agents
  • Drug-naive (ie, no use of antidiabetic drug[s], for at least 24 weeks prior to visit 1).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Type 1 diabetes
  • New York Heart Association heart failure Class III or IV
  • Treatment with chronic insulin
  • History of hypersensitivity or intolerance to any peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor agonist (like Actos or Avandia), fenofibrate, metformin or 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor (statin)
  • History of drug-induced myopathy or drug-induced creatine kinase elevation, liver enzyme elevations, neutropenia (low white blood cells)
  • Creatinine levels above twice the normal range
  • Creatine kinase above 3 times the upper limit of normal
  • Received any investigational product in other clinical studies within 12 weeks
  • Any clinically significant abnormality identified on physical examination, laboratory tests or electrocardiogram, which in the judgment of the investigator would compromise the patient’s safety or successful participation in the clinical study
  • Total Enrolment


    Contact Details

    Australian Locations:

    • Research Site, Adelaide, Australia
    • Research Site, Cairns, Australia
    • Research Site, Gosford, Australia
    • Research Site, Keswick, Australia
    • Research Site, Kippa Ring, Australia
    • Research Site, Melbourne, Australia
    • Research Site, Miranda, Australia
    • Research Site, Nowra, Australia
    • Research Site, Wollongong, Australia

    Contact AstraZeneca

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