What is a troponin test?
A troponin test is is a measure of troponin T or I levels in the blood and is used to detect small degrees of damage to heart muscle cells (myocytes). Most cardiologits and emergency physicians interpret this as an indication of a heart attack (myocardial infarction).
Troponin T and troponin I are proteins found only in heart muscle tissue. Although there are some medical conditions in which troponin is slightly raised without damage to heart muscle (especially in patients on dialysis for chronic renal failure), troponins are normally not detectable in the bloodstream.
How a troponin test performed?
A troponin test is a blood test that requires a few millilitres of blood from a vein. The timing of the test is also important; to be reliable it needs to be taken at least 6 to 12 hours after the onset of chest pain or other symptoms.
When would you need a troponin test?
Troponin testing has become an important and frequently-used component of the medical evaluation of patients with chest pain, in hospitals as well as in the outpatient setting.
Get on top of your general health
Find and instantly book affordable GPs within Australia
Test results explained
A negative test result refers to a normal test, where troponin is not detected in the blood. Some doctors also consider a normal troponin test to put a patient in a lower risk category for any serious cardiac events within the following few weeks.
A test result revealing slight to high levels of troponin may indicate a degree of heart damage.
A test result revealing siginifcant levels of troponin indicates the patient has had a heart attack or suffered damage to the heart.
Ocassionally, an unexpected positive troponin test means that a patient will need to remain in hospital for a longer period of time, or will be called in to hospital for admission or further evaluation.
- Blood Test (venesection)
- Intravenous Cannulation
- Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI)
- Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA)
- Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG)
- Creatine Kinase (CK)
- Cardiac Enzymes (CK & Troponin)
- Creatine Kinase, Cardiac iso-enzyme (CK-MB)
- Aspartate Transaminase (AST)
- Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH)
- B-type Natriuretic Peptide (BNP)
- C-Reactive Protein (CRP)
Also known as
- Trop I (cTnI)
- Trop T (cTnT)
- Cardiac Troponin I (cTnI)
- Cardiac Troponin T (cTnT)
- Trop T Cardiac Enzymes Cardiac markers
A: Use HealthEngine to find and book your next Cardiologist appointment. Click on the following locations to find a Cardiologist clinic in your state or territory.
This article is for informational purposes only and should not be taken as medical advice. If in doubt, HealthEngine recommends consulting with a registered health practitioner.
All content and media on the HealthEngine Blog is created and published online for informational purposes only. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice and should not be relied on as health or personal advice. Always seek the guidance of your doctor or other qualified health professional with any questions you may have regarding your health or a medical condition. Never disregard the advice of a medical professional, or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this Website. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor, go to the nearest hospital emergency department, or call the emergency services immediately.