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A Mammogram is a special X-Ray of the breast tissue, with the main purpose of screening for tumours of the breast that have not yet become symptomatic. Recommendations as to frequency of mammograms for different groups of women vary, and some controversy exists as to the impact of screening programs on overall prognosis.

How the Test is Performed

A mammogram is a special X-Ray of the breast tissue, taken by placing the breast between an X-Ray source and sensor, which are like two hard plates. Some women may find the test uncomfortable as the breast tissue is squeezed between these two surfaces. Each breast is imaged as a separate procedure.

Medical Conditions and Symptoms

Healthy women can have a mammogram at a breast screening clinic without a referral from a doctor. A mammogram may be requested by your doctor if you discover a lump in your breast.

Test Results Explained

Mammogram results are usually sent by the Radiologist to your General Practitioner (GP), several days after the test.
The results may show:

  • A normal mammogram – most common result
  • Benign breast disease – a range of conditions affecting the breast tissue, which usually do not require any treatment
  • A suspicious abnormality – this will almost never be a conclusive result and further testing may be recommended, such as an ultrasound or a biopsy of the lesion to determine whether it might be a tumour – benign or malignant

Related Specialists

Related Procedures

  • Tissue Biopsy

Related Tests

Also Known As

  • X-Ray of the Breast